Raw Coal Processing Equipment in South Africa

1.In the initial preparation phase of coal cleaning, the raw coal is unloaded, stored, conveyed, crushed, and classified by screening into coarse and fine coal fractions. The size fractions are then conveyed to their respective cleaning processes. Fine coal processing and coarse coal processing uses similar operations and equipment to separate the contaminants.

The primary difference is the severity of operating parameters. The majority of coal cleaning processes use upward currents or pulses of a fluid such as water to fluidize a bed of crushed coal and impurities. The lighter coal particles rise and are removed from the top of the bed. The heavier impurities are removed from the bottom. Coal cleaned in the wet processes then must be dried in the final preparation processes.

2.Final preparation processes are used to remove moisture from coal. Thereby reducing freezing problems and weight and raising the heating value. The first processing step is dewatering, in which a major portion of the water is removed by the use of screens, thickeners, and cyclones.

The second step is normally thermal drying, achieved by any one of three dryer types: Fluoridized bed, flash, and multilouvered. In the fluidized bed dryer, the coal is suspended and dried above a perforated plate by rising hot gases. In the flash dryer, coal is fed into a stream of hot gases for instantaneous drying.

3.The dried coal and wet gases are both drew up a drying column and into a cyclone for separation. In the multilouvered dryer, hot gases are passed through a falling curtain of coal, which is then raised by flights of a specially designed conveyor.